[pek′tərəl]. pectoral girdle in birds is the three pairs of bones that support the wings: the furculae (fused clavicles), coracoids and scapulae.
Muscles of the Pectoral Girdle and Upper Limbs Appendicular Muscles of the Pelvic Girdle and Lower Limbs
The pectoral girdle or shoulder girdle is the set of bones which connects the upper limb to the axial skeleton on each side. It consists of the clavicle and scapula in humans and, in those species with three bones in the pectoral.
Nenad Planic. The synovial sternoclavicular joint provides the only point of bony connection between the pectoral girdle and upper limb, and the trunk.
The structure and function of the dermal pectoral girdle in bony fishes with a particular reference to ostariophysines.
Slender, curved long bone extending horizontally across the upper thorax. The clavicle forms the anterior part of the pectoral girdle. It is attached anteriorly to the sternum and laterally to the acromion of the scapula. Many shoulder and.
Your online resource for everything plesiosaur. The ilium is a small element which bridges the gap between the pectoral girdle and the sacral ribs - it only contacts the ischium in plesiosaurs.
In addition to moving the arm and pectoral girdle, muscles of the chest and upper back work together as a group to support the vital process of breathing.
Nicholls, E. L., and Russell, A. P., 1985, Structure and function of the pectoral girdle and forelimb of Struthiomimus altus (Theropoda: Ornithomimidae): Palaeontology, v. 28, p. 643-677.
Theria (marsupials and placental mammals) are characterized by a highly mobile pectoral girdle in which the scapula has been shown to be an important propulsive element during locomotion. Shoulder function and kinematics are.